WHAT CAUSES KIDNEY STONES? FIND OUT ITS TYPES, RISK FACTORS AND TREATMENT

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Kidney stones, or renal calculi, are solid masses made of crystals. Kidney stones usually originate in your kidneys.

Kidney stones are hard collections of salt and minerals often made up of calcium or uric acid. They form inside the kidney and can travel to other parts of the urinary tract.

Stones vary in size. Some are as small as the period at the end of this sentence — a fraction of an inch. Others can grow to a few inches across. Some kidney stones can become so large they take up the entire kidney.

A kidney stone forms when too much of certain minerals in your body accumulate in your urine. When you aren’t well hydrated, your urine becomes more concentrated with higher levels of certain minerals. When mineral levels are higher, it’s more likely that a kidney stone will form.

However, they can develop anywhere along your urinary tract, which consists of these parts:

  • kidneys
  • ureters
  • bladder
  • urethra

Kidney stones are one of the most painful medical conditions. The causes of kidney stones vary according to the type of stone.

Types of kidney stones

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Not all kidney stones are made up of the same crystals. The different types of kidney stones include:

Calcium

Calcium stones are the most common. They’re often made of calcium oxalate (though they can consist of calcium phosphate or maleate). Eating fewer oxalate-rich foods can reduce your risk of developing this type of stone. High-oxalate foods include:

  • potato chips
  • peanuts
  • chocolate
  • beets
  • spinach

However, even though some kidney stones are made of calcium, getting enough calcium in your diet can prevent stones from forming.

Uric acid

This type of kidney stone is more common in men than in women. They can occur in people with gout or those going through chemotherapy.

This type of stone develops when urine is too acidic. A diet rich in purines can increase urine’s acidic level. Purine is a colorless substance in animal proteins, such as fish, shellfish, and meats.

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Struvite

This type of stone is found mostly in women with urinary tract infections (UTIs). These stones can be large and cause urinary obstruction. They result from a kidney infection. Treating an underlying infection can prevent the development of struvite stones.

Cystine

Cystine stones are rare. They occur in both men and women who have the genetic disorder cystinuria. With this type of stone, cystine — an acid that occurs naturally in the body — leaks from the kidneys into the urine.

Risk factors for kidney stones

The greatest risk factor for kidney stones is making less than 1 liter of urine per day. This is why kidney stones are common in premature infants who have kidney problems.

However, kidney stones are most likely to occur in people between the ages of 20 and 50.

Different factors can increase your risk of developing a stone. Sex also plays a role. More men than women develop kidney stones, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).

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A history of kidney stones can increase your risk. So does a family history of kidney stones.

Other risk factors include:

  • dehydration
  • obesity
  • a diet with high levels of protein, salt, or glucose
  • hyperparathyroid condition
  • gastric bypass surgery
  • inflammatory bowel diseases that increase calcium absorption
  • taking medications such as triamterene diuretics, antiseizure drugs, and calcium-based antacids

What Causes Kidney Stones?

Diet and genetics are the two biggest risk factors, but there are several others:

  • Gender. Historically, men are two to three times more likely to get stones than women.
  • Race. Caucasians are more likely to develop kidney stones.
  • Age. Stone occurrence peaks in people aged 35-45 years.
  • Geography and climate. Areas with hot and dry climates tend to have a higher incidence of stone disease.
  • Chronic dehydration. Chronic lack of appropriate fluid intake.
  • Presence of metabolic syndrome. A condition characterized by a cluster of disease processes including high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat and abnormal cholesterol levels.

Symptoms and signs of a kidney stone

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Kidney stones are known to cause severe pain. Symptoms of kidney stones may not occur until the stone begins to move down the ureters. This severe pain is called renal colic. You may have pain on one side of your back or abdomen.

In men, pain may radiate to the groin area. The pain of renal colic comes and goes, but can be intense. People with renal colic tend to be restless.

Other symptoms of kidney stones can include:

  • blood in the urine (red, pink, or brown urine)
  • vomiting
  • nausea
  • discolored or foul-smelling urine
  • chills
  • fever
  • frequent need to urinate
  • urinating small amounts of urine

In the case of a small kidney stone, you may not have any pain or symptoms as the stone passes through your urinary tract.

Why kidney stones can be a problem

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Stones don’t always stay in the kidney. Sometimes they pass from the kidney into the ureters. Ureters are small and delicate, and the stones may be too large to pass smoothly down the ureter to the bladder.

Passage of stones down the ureter can cause spasms and irritation of the ureters. This causes blood to appear in the urine.

Sometimes stones block the flow of urine. This is called a urinary obstruction. Urinary obstructions can lead to kidney infection and kidney damage.

Diagnosing kidney stones

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Diagnosis of kidney stones requires a complete health history assessment and a physical exam. Other tests include:

  • blood tests for calcium, phosphorus, uric acid, and electrolytes
  • blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine to assess kidney functioning
  • urinalysis to check for crystals, bacteria, blood, and white cells
  • examination of passed stones to determine their type

The following tests can rule out obstruction:

  • abdominal X-rays
  • intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
  • retrograde pyelogram
  • ultrasound of the kidney (the preferred test)
  • MRI scan of the abdomen and kidneys
  • abdominal CT scan

The contrast dye used in the CT scan and the IVP can affect kidney function. However, in people with normal kidney function, this isn’t a concern.

There are some medications that can increase the potential for kidney damage in conjunction with the dye. Make sure your radiologist knows about any medications you’re taking.

Treatment

Treatment is tailored according to the type of stone. Urine can be strained and stones collected for evaluation.

Drinking six to eight glasses of water a day increases urine flow. People who are dehydrated or have severe nausea and vomiting may need intravenous fluids.

Other treatment options include:

Medication

Pain relief may require narcotic medications. The presence of infection requires treatment with antibiotics. Other medications include:

  • allopurinol (Zyloprim) for uric acid stones
  • thiazide diuretics to prevent calcium stones from forming
  • sodium bicarbonate or sodium citrate to make the urine less acidic
  • phosphorus solutions to prevent calcium stones from forming
  • ibuprofen (Advil) for pain
  • acetaminophen (Tylenol) for pain
  • naproxen sodium (Aleve) for pain

Lithotripsy

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy uses sound waves to break up large stones so they can more easily pass down the ureters into your bladder. This procedure can be uncomfortable and may require light anesthesia. It can cause bruising on the abdomen and back and bleeding around the kidney and nearby organs.

Tunnel surgery (percutaneous nephrolithotomy)

A surgeon removes the stones through a small incision in your back. A person may need this procedure when:

  • the stone causes obstruction and infection or is damaging the kidneys
  • the stone has grown too large to pass
  • pain can’t be managed

Ureteroscopy

When a stone is stuck in the ureter or bladder, your doctor may use an instrument called a ureteroscope to remove it.

A small wire with a camera attached is inserted into the urethra and passed into the bladder. The doctor then uses a small cage to snag the stone and remove it. The stone is then sent to the laboratory for analysis.

You can also treat this disease with Forever living supplements;

Forever Bee Pollen

– Bee pollen, a highly nutritious food, is often described as nature’s complete food.

– Contains the complete spectrum of 22 amino acid, B complexes and other vitamin, active enzymes, minerals and

bioflavonoids.

– Rich in vitamin B complexes which help to maintain healthy kidneys.

Forever Bee Propolis

It has anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral and anti-parasitic properties.

– Bee Propolis helps to stimulate the body to fight against bacteria and virus through increased production of the body’s natural immune factor.

– Bee Propolis has natural anti-inflammation properties which can help to reduce kidney infection.

– As with our other bee products that are sourced from the Sonoran high desert in Arizona, which is home to thousands of variety of flowering plants with almost non-existent air pollution, our Propolis enjoys the same advantage.

A combination of healthy diet, healthy lifestyle plus helpful nutritional supplements is vital in maintaining your overall

being.

Forever Aloe Berry Nectar

-Aloe Berry Nectar contains all of the goodness found in our Aloe Vera Gel, plus the added benefits of cranberry and apple.

-Besides their reputation as a cleanser for the urinary tract, cranberries provide a high content of vitamin C. They are also a natural source of healthful proanthocyanidins. Apple juice contains many flavonoids as well as pectin.

You can drink Aloe Berry Nectar with meals or alone. The delicious flavor is totally natural, prepared from a blend of fresh cranberries and sweet, mellow apples. Fructose (a natural fruit sugar) sweetens it just enough to please both adults and children alike.

Prevention

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Proper hydration is a key preventive measure. Expert recommends drinking enough water to pass about 2.6 quarts of urine each day. Increasing the amount of urine you pass helps flush the kidneys.

You can substitute ginger ale, lemon-lime soda, and fruit juice for water to help you increase your fluid intake. If the stones are related to low citrate levels, citrate juices could help prevent the formation of stones.

Eating oxalate-rich foods in moderation and reducing your intake of salt and animal proteins can also lower your risk of kidney stones.

Your doctor may prescribe medications to help prevent the formation of calcium and uric acid stones.

If you have had a kidney stone or you are at risk for a kidney stone, speak with your doctor and discuss the best methods of prevention.

For more information regarding the Natural Products for Kidney Stones Preventive Treatment, please feel free to Whatsapp 08060002990.

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