What is infertility?
Infertility is defined as the inability to become pregnant after a year or more of sperm insemination or well-timed, unprotected vaginal intercourse. Infertility may be a temporary or a permanent condition; this depends on the available treatments, the cause, and the fertility of the partner at any particular point in time.
Infertility is often incorrectly considered “the woman’s problem”. To improve the couple’s chances of conception a child together, both the man and the woman should be evaluated, and treated, if necessary, A complicated process, conception depends upon many factors:
- ability of the fertilized egg (embryo) to become implanted in the woman’s uterus
- a good quality embryo
- production of healthy sperm by the man and healthy eggs by the woman
- sperm’s ability to reach the egg
- sperm’s ability to fertilize the egg when they meet
- unblocked fallopian tubes that allow the sperm to reach the egg
The definition of infertility includes:
- Primary infertility – women who have never achieved pregnancy
- Recurrent miscarriage– women may receive a diagnosis of infertility miscarriages if they experience two or more successive miscarriages
- Secondary infertility – women who have achieved pregnancy and given birth, but are now having difficulty conceiving
CAUSES OF INFERTILITY
GENERAL CAUSES OF INFERTILY
There are many potential causes for infertility or reproductive problems. Chronic illnesses, as well as their treatments, can lead to fertility problems. Illnesses like diabetes and hypothyroidism can cause fertility problems. Insulin, antidepressants, and thyroid hormones may lead to irregular menstrual cycles, for example. Or medication used to treat peptic ulcers or hypertension can cause male factor infertility, including problems with sperm production or their ability to fertilize the egg. Furthermore, cancer treatments can lead to fertility problems, especially radiation therapy near the reproductive organs. Finally, STDs might cause infertility. Some sexually transmitted diseases can block the fallopian tubes, making pregnancy either impossible or putting a woman at risk for ectopic pregnancy.
Causes of infertility in women
Most cases of infertility in women arise from problems with ovulation. Without ovulation, there are no eggs to be fertilized. Irregular or absent menstrual periods are some signs that a woman is not ovulating normally. For example, birth control pills might temporarily alter female sex hormone production, which can take some time to restore after a woman stops birth control pills. This problem is usually temporary, but might take longer than the woman wants. Less common causes of fertility problems in women include:
- blocked fallopian tubes due to pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or surgery for an ectopic pregnancy
- physical problems with the uterus
- uterine fibroids
Causes of infertility in men
Sometimes a man is born with problems affecting his sperm. Other times problems arise due to illness or injury. For example, cystic fibrosis frequently causes infertility in men. Infertility in men is most often caused by:
- problems making sperm — producing too few sperm or none at all
- problems with the sperm’s ability to reach the egg and fertilize it — abnormal sperm shape or structure prevent it from moving correctly
Many things can affect a woman’s ability to become pregnant or give birth. These include:
- athletic training
- being overweight or underweight
- health problems that cause hormonal changes
- poor diet
- sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
- tobacco smoking
Overall health and lifestyle can affect the number and quality of a man’s sperm. Some things that may reduce sperm number and/or quality include:
- cancer radiation treatment and chemotherapy
- environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead
- health problems
- smoking cigarettes
Symptoms of infertility
The following signs and symptoms do not always indicate infertility, and often infertility has no symptoms at all. However, there may be a need to see a fertility specialist if the couple have been trying to conceive without success for some time.
- Abnormal menstrual bleeding – bleeding for anything between 3 to 7 days can be considered normal. However, if length of menstrual flow is shorter or longer, bleeding is very light, or extremely heavy and intense, this can signal problems.
changes in heaviness or coloring
- changes in length of bleeding time
- excessive menstrual cramps
- extremely heavy menstrual bleeding
extremely light menstrual bleeding
- Irregular menstrual cycles – unusually short or long cycles ((less than 24 days, or more than 35 days)can be a red flag for infertility problems and may be a sign of possible ovulation problems. Abnormal menstrual cycles can also come unpredictably..
- Sexual dysfunction – if the male partner does experience sexual dysfunction, this could be an infertility red flag.
- ejaculatory problems
- Successive miscarriages (two or more)
- Weight problems
- excessive exercise routines
- excessive thinness
- excessive overweight or obesity
- extreme dieting
- poor dieting practices
SOLUTIONS TO INFERTILITY
Once the infertility testing has been completed, doctors and fertility specialists will review the results and recommend a treatment plan. Nearly 90% of all infertility cases, both caused by male and female factors, are overcome through treatment, including surgical and medical techniques.Treatment goals may include one or more of the following:
- Correcting or improving anatomical abnormalities
- Enhancing the production of healthy eggs
- Enhance sperms’ ability to fertilize the egg
- Assisting reproduction using specific technologies
Lose weight if you need to, as body fat can produce estrogen, and too much estrogen can impair your ability to conceive. Being too thin is another cause of infertility in women. Without enough body fat, you may not ovulate normally. Add more healthy ingredients to your diet – lean protein, whole grain foods and good fats such as olive oil.
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HIS FERTILITY BOOSTER
Say yes to ZINC & SELENIUM
Take supplements that contain Zinc, as this mineral boosts your testosterone level, increases your sperm count and helps to give sperm some extra oomph. Studies suggest that men who take selenium daily for a three-month period experienced a marked increase in sperm motility (swimming ability), thus improving fertility in men.
Protect Your Sperm
Sperm cells can be protected with antioxidants such as Vitamin C twice a day. Antioxidant (like Aloe Vera Gel) work by blocking the action of free radicals that cause cell damage throughout the body.
COUPLE’S FERTILITY BOOSTERS
Timing of Sex
Conception can happen only during the most fertile period of the ovulation cycle. Having regular ovulation (as can be estimated based on previous menstruation periods) can be helpful, as the couple can more easily time their sexual activity.
Invest In A Good Quality Supplements (NOT DRUGS)
Infertility in men and women may be linked to nutrient deficiency. It is important to bear in mind that it takes at least 3 months for immature eggs in ovaries to mature enough to be released during ovulation. In men, it takes about 3 months for sperm cells to be fully mature. Besides having good meals, invest in a good quality supplements.
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