DEALING WITH LEARNING DIFFICULTIES IN CHILDREN

LEARNING DIFFICULTIES

THE DICTIONARY SAYS: It is the difficulties in acquiring knowledge and skills to the normal level expected of those of the same age, especially because of mental disability or cognitive disorder.

LEARNING DISABILITY

A learning disability is a neurological disorder. In simple terms, a learning disability results from a difference in the way a person’s brain is “wired.” Children with learning disabilities are as smart or smarter than their peers. But they may have difficulty reading, writing, spelling, reasoning, recalling and/or organizing information if left to figure things out by themselves or if taught in conventional ways.

A learning disability may not be cured or fixed; as it is a lifelong issue, but can be managed and possibly through the process of managing, it can be fixed. With the right support and intervention, however, children with learning disabilities can succeed in school and go on to successful and distinguished careers later in life.

Parents can help children with learning disabilities achieve such success by encouraging their strengths, knowing their weaknesses, understanding the educational system, working with professionals and learning about strategies for dealing with specific difficulties

Common learning disabilities

Common Types of Learning Disabilities
Dyslexia Difficulty reading Problems reading, writing, spelling, speaking
Dyscalculia Difficulty with math Problems doing math problems, understanding time, using money
Dysgraphia  Difficulty with writing Problems with handwriting, spelling, organizing ideas
Dyspraxia (Sensory Integration Disorder) Difficulty with fine motor skills Problems with hand–eye coordination, balance, manual dexterity
Dysphasia/Aphasia Difficulty with language Problems understanding spoken language, poor reading comprehension
Auditory Processing Disorder Difficulty hearing differences between sounds Problems with reading, comprehension, language
Visual Processing Disorder Difficulty interpreting visual information Problems with reading, math, maps, charts, symbols, pictures

 

Facts about learning disabilities

  • Fifteen percent of the U.S. population, or one in seven Americans, has some type of learning disability, according to the National Institutes of Health.
  • Difficulty with basic reading and language skills are the most common learning disabilities. As many as 80% of students with learning disabilities have reading problems.
  • Learning disabilities often run in families.
  • Learning disabilities should not be confused with other disabilities such as autism, intellectual disability, deafness, blindness, and behavioral disorders. None of these conditions are learning disabilities. In addition, they should not be confused with lack of educational opportunities like frequent changes of schools or attendance problems. Also, children who are learning English do not necessarily have a learning disability.
  • Attention disorders, such as Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and learning disabilities often occur at the same time, but the two disorders are not the same.

 

Causes

The causes for learning disabilities are not well understood, and sometimes there is no apparent cause for a learning disability. However, some causes of neurological impairments include:

  • Heredity – Learning disabilities often run in the family. Children with learning disabilities are likely to have parents or other relatives with similar difficulties.
  • Problems during pregnancy and birth – Learning disabilities can result from anomalies in the developing brain, illness or injury, fetal exposure to alcohol or drugs, low birth weight, oxygen deprivation, or by premature or prolonged labor.
  • Accidents after birth – Learning disabilities can also be caused by head injuries, malnutrition, or by toxic exposure (such as heavy metals or pesticides)

 

WHAT YOU SHOULDN’T DO (Parents/Teachers)

Knocking / Hitting / Beating/spanking/slapping

little do most of us realize that spanking children in an aggressive manner under the garb of disciplining them can have a disturbing effect on them too. According to a recent study, kids are subjected to physical abuse are at an increased risk of mental disorders in adulthood. Another study says that child abuse might trigger obesity in adulthood. BT spoke to experts to find out how and why factors contributing to childhood abuse can have undesirable far-reaching effects.

Physical abuse
Corporate wellness expert Dr Hetal Desai opines, “Spanking including slapping, beating, etc. leaves negative imprints on the subconsious mind of the child of any age. The event or incident is registered as a negative trauma in the mind and it effects are felt throughout life, every time the negative memory gets triggered. Implications cold be from developing fears, low-self esteem, anger, hatred, stammering, Passive aggressive behaviour and much more.”

She cites the example of one of her patients: A general manager of a MNC came for the issue of low confidence and stammering every time having to face a higher authority and making a presentation to a group or authority figure. While healing the subconscious mind it was understood that as a child during his vacations he visited his native place and there in the neighbourhood was a teacher who spanked him everyday for the smallest silly mistake.

(He was only a participant for the vacation class then). The memory of the teacher spanking was getting triggered everytime he faced an authority figure and caused problems in his personal professional life.

Scolding/Yelling

yes it does have harmful effects on the children regardless of their age. may be children don’t understand the words but the understands the emotions and expression behind the words. anger is a universal expression which can be understand by everyone regardless of age. showing anger or scolding contributes to stubbornness in children and it also induce negative feelings in children for the person who scold. children also imitates their elders so they learn to show anger as u do by shouting yelling

Shouting confuses children

Children perceive shouting as a threat to their sense of security, safety and confidence. “Children fundamentally feel responsible for a parent’s anger towards them,” explains Sihweil. Children are innately egocentric so they think: “When I do something good, Mummy smiles. When I do something bad, Mummy screams.” Younger children simply can’t understand alternative explanations for anger such as bad news at work or a flat tyre on the road.

“Long-term exposure to shouting can result in fear, stress, anxiety, insomnia, developmental delays, behavioural problems, academic problems, social difficulties, emotional issues and thwarted coping skills,” Sihweil says.

Shouting is a form of emotional abuse

Raising your voice might not seem like an act that could constitute abuse but the experts believe it is. “Yelling is as bad, and sometimes even worse, than physical abuse,” Sihweil says.

What comes hand-in-hand with the shouting compounds the problem. “Messages are only about 10 per cent verbal,” says Maria Chatila, a family coach. “It is not just the loud voice that has an impact. It is also your body language and the actual words you use, whether you’re critical, insulting or sarcastic.”

Shouting doesn’t work

Hollering is usually a last resort, and it’s largely ineffective. “Shouting doesn’t get the message across to children, young or old, because children are too busy defending themselves from a perceived or real danger and totally miss the point,” Sihweil says. Plus, some kids who are yelled at frequently start to tune out whenever there is an emotional outburst.

SOLUTIONS

EDUCATIONAL ACCESSMENT

An educational assessment will help parents and teachers get to the bottom of what exactly is happening. For example, if a child is having trouble with Reading or Spelling, the assessment will uncover information about:

·     The child’s phonological awareness. For example, does the child know their sounds? Can they use this information to sound out unfamiliar words? Can they manipulate the sounds? Can they recognise sounds in all parts of words (i.e. beginning, middle and end)?

·     Does the child read for meaning? The assessment will give clues as to how the child reads new passages, identifies and corrects mistakes.

·     Does the child remember sight words? If the child remembers words by what they look like, some clues can be gathered about how to teach them extra strategies to help them remember new words.

·     What approach does the child take to reading? Do some of the strategies work well, or do they hinder the child from progressing?

·     Exactly what level is the child‘s reading/spelling at?

If a child is having trouble with Maths, an assessment can uncover information about:

·     What is the child’s preferred learning style? Are they more likely to remember things if they are presented visually, verbally or if they get the opportunity to manipulate examples and practice what they have learnt?

·     If they are having trouble with their reading, is that interfering with their progress in maths?

·     What exactly are they having trouble with and why? Knowing this will unlock strategies to help the child learn.

 

OTHER SOLUTIONS

When it comes to learning disabilities, it’s not always easy to know what to do and where to find help. Turning to specialists who can pinpoint and diagnose the problem is, of course, important. You will also want to work with your child’s school to make accommodations for your child and get specialized academic help. But don’t overlook your own role. You know your child better than anyone else, so take the lead in looking into your options, learning about new treatments and services, and overseeing your child’s education.

  • Learn the specifics about your child’s learning disability. Read and learn about your child’s type of learning disability. Find out how the disability affects the learning process and what cognitive skills are involved. It’s easier to evaluate learning techniques if you understand how the learning disability affects your child.
  • Research treatments, services, and new theories. Along with knowing about the type of learning disability your child has, educate yourself about the most effective treatment options available. This can help you advocate for your child at school and pursue treatment at home.
  • Pursue treatment and services at home. Even if the school doesn’t have the resources to treat your child’s learning disability optimally, you can pursue these options on your own at home or with a therapist or tutor.
  • Nurture your child’s strengths. Even though children with learning disabilities struggle in one area of learning, they may excel in another. Pay attention to your child’s interests and passions. Helping children with learning disorders develop their passions and strengths will probably help them with the areas of difficulty as well.

How you can help with Social and emotional skills

Learning disabilities can be extremely frustrating for children. Imagine having trouble with a skill all of your friends are tackling with ease, worrying about embarrassing yourself in front of the class, or struggling to express yourself. Things can be doubly frustrating for exceptionally bright children with learning disabilities–a scenario that’s not uncommon.

Kids with learning disabilities may have trouble expressing their feelings, calming themselves down, and reading nonverbal cues from others. This can lead to difficulty in the classroom and with their peers. The good news is that, as a parent, you can have a huge impact in these areas. Social and emotional skills are the most consistent indicators of success for all children—and that includes kids with learning disorders. They outweigh everything else, including academic skills, in predicting lifelong achievement and happiness.

Learning disabilities, and their accompanying academic challenges, can lead to low self-esteem, isolation, and behavior problems, but they don’t have to. You can counter these things by creating a strong support system for children with learning disabilities and helping them learn to express themselves, deal with frustration, and work through challenges. By focusing on your child’s growth as a person, and not just on academic achievements, you’ll help him or her learn good emotional habits that set the stage for success throughout life.

looking for support while helping a child with learning disabilities

All children can be both exhilarating and exhausting, but it may seem that your child with a learning disability is especially so. You may experience some frustration trying to work with your child, and it can seem like an uphill battle when you don’t have the information you need. After you learn what their specific learning disability is and how it is affecting their behavior, you will be able to start addressing the challenges in school and at home. If you can, be sure to reach out to other parents who are addressing similar challenges as they can be great sources of knowledge and emotional support.

How Products Helps

Some certain supplements helps in brain development, helping the brain to maintain a proper level, and also serving as a natural tonic to the brain. As long as brain remains the key to learning, then it is mostly necessary to replenish and repair it as it help not only in learning but also in reasoning and maintaining a good health.

Wondering What Kind of Product can be used?

There are various products that aids in learning, reasoning and proper brain development. It is advisable to get a natural and effective products that helps put the brain in great shape.

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